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There is no evidence supporting the importance of heart coherence in spiritual leadership (which describes a transformation process increasing adaptability). The study aimed to evaluate heart coherence in students studying craniosacral therapy. Heart coherence was used as an indicator of spiritual leadership and was determined by an Inner Life and Coherent Interaction between its variables. Heart coherence denotes the degree of order, harmony and stability in the numerous physiological rhythms within the human body.
A multilevel, quantitative, within-subjects, experimental research design was used in a convenience sample of 11 cranosacral therapy students. Students had different levels of experience, low (group 1) and high (group 2) . Spiritual leadership was measured using a questionnaire, while a heart sensor captured its coherence. Results: Group 2 exhibited higher Spiritual Leadership (+ 18%) and higher outcomes for Spiritual Well-Being (+ 9%), with similar scores for Coherent Interaction. At the personal level, participants from the same group had higher Spiritual Leadership (+ 31%), higher Coherent Interaction (+ 14%), and higher Spiritual Well-Being (+ 11%). Individual Inner Life was 5% higher for Group 1 participants. A repeated measure ANOVA on the pre and post means did not produce any significant difference in heart coherence for both groups.
Findings support the hypothesis that Inner Life and Coherent Interaction can be usefully deployed to evaluate the emergence of Spiritual Well-being. The study could not provide evidence that heart coherence could be considered as an indicator of spiritual leadership, but results indicated a measurable variation and synchronization of heart coherence among participants during a craniosacral therapy session.