CookiesWe use cookies to enhance your experience and the functionality of our website. By continuing to browse, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn More

CookiesWe use cookies on our website. By continuing to browse, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn More

Love Unleashed A New Momentum of Heart Consciousness Unfolding An In-Person HeartMath/Global Coherence Retreat in Santa Cruz, CA Learn More

Research Library

A Pilot Intervention Program Which Reduces Psychological Symptomatology in Individuals with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

    • Published: 1996 PR
    • Deborah Rozman, Ph.D.; Rupert Whitaker, Ph.D.; Tom Beckman, B.S.; Dan Jones
    • Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 1996; 4(4): 226-232.
    • Download the complete paper, click here.



Thirty-eight human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive men and women, most with AIDS, enrolled in a psychological intervention, call the HeartMath® program. It is a unique intervention for stress-reduction and mental and emotional self-management that focuses on enhancing positive emotional states, as well as minimizing negative states.


This pilot study was conducted to determine the feasibility of this program in managing the psychological status and improving the quality of life of individuals with human immunodeficiency virus. The study was not intended to be a large, double-blind, controlled clinical study.


Participants attended three 2-day training sessions and were given home study assignments of approximately one hour per day for the six-month study period. They were assessed on site prior to and at the completion of the six-month period using (i) an Irritability Scale, (ii) a Symptom Questionnaire developed to assess the number and severity of symptoms specifically associated with acquired immune deficiency syndrome, (iii) the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, (iv) the General Well-Being Scale, and (v) the Essi Systems StressMap® Research Tool.


The data indicate that the program is highly effective in reducing symptomatology in individuals with human immunodeficiency virus by decreasing state and trait anxiety, improving physical vitality, reducing stress, and improving overall psychological well-being. Some individuals also reported improvements in physical symptomatology.


The results indicate that the HeartMath program is a non-pharmaceutical intervention that can positively affect the psychological well-being of individuals with acquired immune deficiency syndrome.